Trauma can result from a wide variety of stressors and have different levels of impact on our functioning.
Not everyone who experiences a trauma will feel its echo.
Trauma can be cumulative in nature which means it goes on for a period of time.
It can start when we are young such as: emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, neglect, witnessing violence, lack of boundaries within our families; abandonment by parents, in foster care or youth justice system, school bullying.
It can happen to adults as well: living with a chronic condition, workplace bullying, dealing with institutions such as insurance companies over time, agencies delegated to deal with workplace injuries and issues, job stress.
It can also occur outside regular society so others have little reference to it such as military service and the exposure to witnessing death and devastation as well as surviving in dangerous situations over extended periods of time.
It also refers to single incident events such as accidents, invasive medical procedures, natural disasters, unexpected loss, birth trauma to name a few.
Trauma can also have an impact from a societal level if you are from a community who can suffer from societal discrimination on a daily basis such as the LGBTQ2+ community, first nations community, people with disabilities.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Acute Stress Disorder.
Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (childhood abuse).